Lesson transcript instructor: christopher sailus chris has an ma in history and taught university and high school history in this lesson, we explore the term enlightened despotism and the two rulers that most closely resemble enlightened despots in eighteenth-century russia, peter the great and catherine the great. Biographycom profiles catherine ii, the russian empress who reorganized the administration and law of the russian empire and extended russian territory an avid reader, catherine was especially fond of the philosophers and writers of the enlightenment she exchanged letters with the french writer. Keywords: russia 18th-century history alchemy catherine the great freemasonry on the evening of 4 january 1786 the elite of st petersburg society were entertained by the premiere of the deceiver (obmanshchik), a comedy written by catherine the great set in the russian capital, the play provides. Catherine was born a german princess in one of the tiny german states, but nevertheless she turned out to be a powerful and enlightened ruler of the vast russian empire after her society she continued the process of westernization begun by peter the great and made russia a great european power. Whom were frederick the great of prussia, joseph ii of austria, and catherine the great of russia, who would improve the to understand how the scientific revolution dramatically altered the way society viewed the world and the role of man in copernicus' book had enormous scientific and religious consequences.
Catherine began her life as sophie, a minor german princess who took the name catherine when she converted to russian orthodoxy after her marriage to the future peter iii in honour of peter's grandmother, catherine i, the wife of peter the great she assimilated well into russian society, so much so that. Catherine ii, also known as catherine the great, was an empress of russia who ruled from 1762-1796, the longest reign of any female russian leader known more some regard catherine as a socially enlightened ruler she exchanged correspondence with the french philosopher voltaire she was a. Catherine the great's intellectual pursuits extended far beyond her collection of art exchanging letters over a fifteen year period with french writer, historian and philosopher voltaire, she was spurred to bring russia into the modern era through ideas raised by the enlightenment and its supporters patronage of the arts and.
Catherine's major influences on her adopted country were in expanding russia's borders and continuing the process of westernisation begun by peter the great during her reign she extended the russian empire southwards and westwards, adding territories which included the crimea, belarus and lithuania agreements. In fact, the intellectual fathers of the enlightenment, voltaire and denis diderot, for a time considered catherine the great the embodiment of an in the long run produce the same effects in russia that they have everywhere in the contemporary world: the formation of a civil society and a pluralistic culture'. Elizabeth (1709 – 1762), the daughter of peter the great and his second wife, catherine i, was the empress of russia from 1741 until her death in 1762 catherine the great enthusiastically supported the ideals of the enlightenment, thus earning the status of an enlightened despot, although her reforms benefited a small.
Known as the russian empire, a term coined by peter i the great, this time period is an era of reform for the peasant serfs in the russian countryside in this research despite the professed distaste of serfdom by catherine ii the great and her enlightenment ideas, the institution expanded considerably under her reign. Catherine wanted to establish a society which shaped productive and obedient subjects catherine ii used montesquieu and his enlightened ideas only to justify her own quite different notions and to solidify her position as the absolute monarch of russia the thesis is divided into two substantive sections. Catherine ii also played a key role in encouraging the russian enlightenment, which saw the flowering of the arts and sciences she is considered one of the greatest monarchs of russia and such was her impact that the period of her rule is known as the catherinian era here are the 10 major.
The russian age of enlightenment was a period in the 18th century in which the government began to actively encourage the proliferation of arts and sciences, which had a profound impact on russian culture during this time, the first russian university was founded, a library, a theatre, a public museum, as well as.
Of western european-russian relations during th~ reign of catherine ii the aims of catherine ii were to make russia a leading power on the european continent, and to westernize russia through direct contact with the philosophes of the enlightenment catherine's efforts to accomplish these aims involved russia in. Catherine, child of the enlightenment that she was, initiated a number of changes designed to rationalize the structure of governance and economic life within the russian empire, to bring it more in line with western europe for example, catherine established the free economic society with the express purpose of. Although the extract suggests that catherine's enlightenment ideas went into reverse once she became empress, this argument could be challenged catherine tried to put some reforms into effect, compiling the 'great instruction' in 1767 -which expressed her views on matters such as education and fair punishment and by.