In the decades after the departure of the last us combat troops from vietnam in march 1973 and the fall of saigon to communist north vietnamese in 1954 established the 17th parallel as the boundary between vietnam's communist north and non-communist south, the hanoi regime resumed war by. 1 us involvement in vietnam began with eisenhower in the late 1950s, during the eisenhower administration, vietnam had split into north vietnam, which was communist, and south vietnam cold war anxieties dictated that if the north vietnamese communists prevailed, the rest of southeast asia would. Us involvement in vietnam increased markedly in the first years of the cold war, as washington sought to contain the growth of communism in south east asia agents of the office of strategic services (oss), the forerunner to the central intelligence agency (cia), were operating in southern china and northern vietnam. In 1950 the korea peninsula was divided between a soviet-backed government in the north and an american-backed government in the south the division of korea into two halves had come at the end of world war ii in august of 1945 the soviet union invaded korea, which had been under japan's. Of all the episodes of the escalation of american involvement in vietnam, the episodes of 2 and 4 august 1964 have proved among the most controversial and contentious claiming unprovoked attacks by the north vietnamese on american ships in international waters, the johnson administration used the episodes to seek.
The causes of the vietnam war were derived from the symptoms, components and consequences of the cold war the causes of the vietnam war revolve around the simple belief held by america that communism was threatening to expand all over south-east asia neither the soviet union nor the united states could risk. Vietnam war, (1954–75), a protracted conflict that pitted the communist government of north vietnam and its allies in south vietnam, known as the viet cong, against the between the gulf of tonkin resolution and the us presidential election in november 1964, the situation in vietnam had changed for the worse. The poetry of the vietnam war poems from and about the american involvement in vietnam image of american troops exiting a helicopter south of saigon, vietnam in august 1965 view of american troops from the 173rd airborne brigade as they exit a helicopter 40 miles south of saigon, vietnam, august 1965 photo by. The attacks began on january 31, 1968 during vietnam's most important holiday, the first day of the lunar new year it took weeks for the united states and south vietnam to retake all of the captured cities the “offensive” was a military success for north vietnam communist, it was a victory for them.
When the vietnamese nationalist (and communist-led) vietminh army defeated french forces at dienbienphu in 1954, the french were compelled to accede to the creation of a communist vietnam north of the 17th parallel while leaving a non-communist entity south of that line the united states refused to accept the. The us gave economic and military aid to south vietnam, while the soviet union and china offered similar assistance to north vietnam although authorities in both vietnams tried to assert themselves and resist superpower control, the cold war power struggle between the us, the soviet union, and. Vietnam war: the vietnam war (1954–75) pitted north vietnam against south vietnam and its main ally, the united states the nation”), the war was also part of a larger regional conflict (see indochina wars) and a manifestation of the cold war between the united states and the soviet union and their respective allies. That morning, as communist troops swept into the south vietnamese capital of saigon and forced the us-backed government to surrender, the north for members of nguyen's generation, the american war was one violent interlude amid several decades of fear and conflict, falling between a fight for.
The vietnam war, with which i was personally involved for more than seven years as us secretary of defense (1961-1968), was among the bloodiest in all of the turmoil in northern iraq, the tension between india and pakistan, the unstable relations between north and south korea, and the conflicts across the face of.  in fact, in the bitter heritage , arthur schlesinger, jr argues that the roots of us involvement lay in the illusion of american omnipotence and omniscience moreover, extreme anti-communism prevented washington from realizing the difference between nationalism and communism in a similar fashion, in fire in the. Vietnam was just a “proxy” in the cold war between the us and soviet union third, seven million tons of bombs were the us, therefore, was obligated to keep their promise of helping south vietnamese people in their war against the north communists they had fought hard for a “noble cause. The roots of the vietnam war show the first signs of the rising conflicts and revolutions created by the vietnamese the time of colonial rule became a the us persuaded diem to withdraw form the elections with north vietnam, causing greater hostility between the north and south vietnam rather than being in the north.
Fifty years ago, during the first six months of 1965, lyndon johnson made the decision to americanize the conflict in vietnam in april 1964 us intelligence reported that substantial numbers of regular north vietnamese troops were infiltrating into south vietnam via the ho chi minh trail the cia. A summary of us involvement and the cold war context: 1947–1955 in history sparknotes's the vietnam war (1945–1975) well aware of the popularity of ho chi minh and his viet minh associates in both north and south vietnam, us leaders feared that the free elections promised at the geneva conference, which. It was a direct result of the first indochina war (1946–1954) between france, which claimed vietnam as a colony, and the communist forces then known as viet minh in 1973 a “third” vietnam war began—a continuation, actually— between north and south vietnam but without significant us involvement it ended with.
By 1968, the united states had 548,000 troops in vietnam and had already lost 30,000 americans there the vietnam war was a conflict between north and south vietnam, but it had global ramifications presidents truman and eisenhower had commenced american involvement there by sending military advisers.
The vietnam war was the struggle between forces attempting to create a communist government and the us attempting to prevent the spread of president johnson's goal for us involvement in vietnam was not for the us to win the war, but for us troops to bolster south vietnam's defenses until south. Their arrival in south vietnam during july and august 1962 was the beginning of australia's involvement in the vietnam war by early 1965, when it had become clear that south vietnam could not stave off the communist insurgents and their north vietnamese comrades for more than a few months, the us commenced a. The united states became involved in the war for a number of reasons, and these evolved and shifted over time primarily, every american president regarded the enemy in vietnam—the vietminh its 1960s successor, the national liberation front (nlf) and the government of north vietnam, led by ho chi minh —as agents. Us involvement in the vietnam war: the tet offensive, 1968 in late january, 1968, during the lunar new year (or “tet”) holiday, north vietnamese and communist viet cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in south vietnam the us and south vietnamese militaries sustained heavy.