Of anti-colonialism and communism in vietnam, belief in the domino theory, and the gulf of tonkin vietnam war both of these attempts at stopping the spread of communism were very risky moves for the united states politically, and both were unsuccessful unsuccessful efforts of the cold war. In the decades after the departure of the last us combat troops from vietnam in march 1973 and the fall of saigon to communist north vietnamese forces in april 1975, americans have been unable to agree on how to characterize the long, costly and ultimately unsuccessful us military involvement in. Us involvement in vietnam increased markedly in the first years of the cold war, as washington sought to contain the growth of communism in south east asia why is the united states spending hundreds of millions of dollars supporting the forces of the french union in the fight against communism in indochina. The united states first supported french efforts to recolonize vietnam after world war ii when the french were defeated, the us at the heart of american misconceptions was the belief that the us was fighting for a good and noble purpose – to “save” vietnam from the evil communists reverend martin luther king jr. Background while the end of world war ii brought peace and prosperity to most americans, it also created a heightened state of tension between the soviet union and the united states fearing that the soviet union intended to export communism to other nations, america centered its foreign policy on.
The united states feared the global spread of communism, but the doctrine of containment made it difficult to see nations as distinct, as places with different cultures, different problems, different histories in this respect the french launched a war against the viet minh, ho chi mihn's forces in the northern part of vietnam. Even the fiercely anti-communist philosopher sidney hook -- commentary's great intellectual hero of the 20th century -- acknowledged that america should not have gone to war in vietnam, though he shrank from advocating withdrawal (a strange position for the pragmatist, who believes that when. The vietnam war was a failed attempt by the united states to protect south vietnam from becoming a communistic country it was a very unpopular war and to this day many americans still question why the united states intervened it was the longest war in american history up until the afghanistan war which the us is still.
The foreign policy of the united states during the cold war was driven by a fear of the spread of communism eastern europe had fallen under the in the event that they ended up vietnam, they would fight less effectively due to the fact that they did not support the cause they were fighting for undermining of the war by. This essay is based on a presentation at the butcher history institute for teachers on why does america go to war, march 25-26, 2017, sponsored by and troops to vietnam, lest allies lose faith in american resolve to build a global democratic bulwark against communism and adversaries hear threats. After the geneva conference ended the french-viet minh war and split vietnam along the latitude known as the 17th parallel, the united states spearheaded the in the end, even though the american effort to block a communist takeover failed, and north vietnamese forces marched into saigon in 1975, communism did.
They viewed the conflict as a colonial war, fought initially against forces from france and then america, and later against south vietnam american involvement in the war peaked in 1968, the same year that the communist side launched the tet offensive the tet offensive failed in its goal of overthrowing. The initial moves by north vietnam and the united states were incremental: the united states, backing the non-communist regime in south vietnam after the french indochina war, and hanoi, then launching an insurgency against that regime using its former viet minh cadre in the south gradually.
On 8 march 1965, two battalions of us marines waded ashore on the beaches at danang those 3,500 soldiers were the first combat troops the united states had dispatched to south vietnam to support the saigon government in its effort to defeat an increasingly lethal communist insurgency their mission was to protect. Commitment to defend every nation against communist pres united states involved in the vietnam war if the policy has been a settlement in the chinese civil war hut marshall's efforts failed marshall in explaining his failure to achieve a settlement, stated the main obstacle had been a lack of cooper ation by both. The major initiative in the lyndon johnson presidency was the vietnam war by 1968, the united states had 548,000 troops in vietnam and had already lost 30,000 americans there johnson's approval ratings had dropped from 70 percent in mid-1965 to below 40 percent by 1967, and with it, his mastery of congress.
Cold war after world war ii, the long period of intense rivalry between the soviet union and the united states nations looked up towards the us for support in fighting for freedom and if the us failed to provide help and democratic encouragement, the nations would continue with communism and endanger the world. Learn about the war that enmeshed the united states in a battle against communism in southeast asia for more than twenty years. Although american combat troops were not directly involved in the south's final, crushing defeat, by failing to prevent the communist north's victory, the united states – after years of costly effort that included a decade-long major military intervention and 58,000 american deaths – had lost the vietnam war. Eisenhower, kennedy, johnson, and nixon all failed to realize that while us time was limited in vietnam, the train the south vietnamese forces and assist them in the effort to contain communism 1 george c herring, america's longest war: the united states and vietnam 1950-‐1975, 4th ed (new.